is developed by a medical or qualified health practitioner to provide guidelines to support a student with their specialised health needs e.g. anaphylaxis or asthma. There are a variety of nationally approved and standardised Action Plan proformas developed by peak medical organisations available for medical or qualified health practitioners to complete.
Emergency Health Plan (EHP)
is developed when a student’s health needs may require a response from school staff that extends beyond basic first aid. It provides clear step-by-step directions of how to safely manage a predictable medical emergency specific to certain chronic health conditions and the correct use of emergency medication. The plan is developed by a qualified health practitioner, in consultation with the school staff, parent/carer, student, medical and other health professional. The plan is developed for use in the school setting only.
Individual Health Plan (IHP)
provides school staff with an understanding of a student’s health condition and the reasonable adjustments required to accommodate the student on a daily basis at school and to inform school planning. . The plan is developed by a qualified health practitioner, in consultation with the school staff, parent/carer, student, medical and other health professional. The plan is developed for use in the school setting only.
is a doctor registered with the Medical Board of Australia, through the Registers of Practitioners, Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA).
Qualified Health Practitioner
is a health professional with the relevant skills and knowledge to assess, plan and evaluate care. This can be the student’s treating medical practitioner/team or State Schools Registered Nurse. Qualified Health Practitioners are registered with AHPRA or eligible for membership in the relevant national professional body.
is a measure or action (or a group of measures or actions) taken by an education provider that has the effect of assisting a student with a disability to participate in education on the same basis as a student without a disability, and includes an aid, a facility, or a service that the student requires because of his or her disability (Ref: Section 3.3 in the Disability Standards for Education 2005 at http://docs.education.gov.au/node/16354)
Specialised Health Need
is where a student requires routine/daily health procedures, infrequent emergency needs/procedures or has a medical status which may require an emergency response to a potential life-threatening crisis. The health conditions associated with a specialised health need may include asthma, diabetes, severe allergy or anaphylaxis, epilepsy, cystic fibrosis, dysphagia (swallowing difficulties), continence management (bladder and bowel), rare genetic disorders or other health needs requiring health plans.
Specialised Health Procedures
are prescribed procedures that must be performed during the school day to facilitate reasonable adjustments necessary to support the student’s access to the educational program. They are requested by a qualified health professional, and can be either routine or emergency procedures. Procedures include, but are not limited to, enteral feeding (gastrostomy, nasogastric), urinary management (catheterisation, urostomy care), airway management (tracheostomy care, oral suctioning, oxygen therapy), bowel management (colostomy/ileostomy care), diabetes management.
State Schools Registered Nurses (SSRNs)
are employed by the Department of Education and Training to work in state schools, to assist school personnel to safely manage the health needs of students with specialised health needs, supporting their participation in an educational program.